In 2004, Ronny Reich and Eli Shukron began an excavation in the southern part of the City of David, at the site of the Second Temple period Shiloah Pool. The first stage of the excavation uncovered a series of steps that led outside the designated excavation site, as well as a platform that approaches the area from the North. In the next stage, they excavated two sections of the main road from the same time period that led northwards towards the Temple Mount. Additionally, parts of the water channel that passed beneath the road were discovered, with finds inside the channel testifying to the days of the revolt against the Romans and the subsequent destruction of Jerusalem.
A year later they began to excavate sections of the main road of the city from the Second Temple period that leads in the direction of the Temple Mount. (Sections of this road were excavated in the past by Bliss & Dickie, Kenyon and others). In addition, a water channel from the same time period was found beneath the road pavement. Inside the channel, two complete cooking pots were found along with many coins, which attest to the presence of residents living inside these channels as they sought refuge from the Romans who were destroying the city and the Second Temple during the Great Revolt.